Academic theses and dissertations are regularly published and widely disseminated in YUOE Journal, Monographs, Universities Research Journal (URJ), Myanmar Academy of Arts and Science (MAAS) Journal, AsTEN Research Journal and International online Journals for sharing knowledge and contributing to the development of our education.

No. Researcher Title Abstract Year
2171 Wint War War Hlaing ???????????????????????? ??????????????????? ????????? ?????????? ???????????????????????? ????????????????????? ?????????????? ???????? ????????????? ???????????????? ???????????????? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ??????? ??????????????????? ????????????????????? ??????????? ????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????????? ?????????????????? ????????????????????? ??????????????????????? ?????????? ??????????? ??????? ???? ?????????????????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ????????????????? ???????????? ?????????????????????????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????????????????? ????????????? ??????????????????? ???????????????????????????????? ? 2022
2172 Zin Mar Than CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE IN YANGON, MYANMAR, IN CASE OF DISASTER: THE READINESS OF PROVIDERS* Resilience has become a very important concept in disaster research and disaster management. In this context, critical infrastructures are important elements to support and protect a society and strengthen its resilience. Critical infrastructure, defined as physical structures, facilities, networks and further assets, provides services essential to the functioning of a community or society. The paper gives an overview of critical infrastructure arrangements in Yangon in case of disasters. It examines the awareness and preparedness of providers of these infrastructures in the face of disaster situations. The research also looks at how the administration assesses the situation of critical infrastructure in case of a disaster. Additionally, it examines to what extent and how critical infrastructure is interconnected in order to meet the needs of society in a disaster. A special focus is on identifying gaps and shortcomings with regard to critical infrastructure failure, including cascading effects caused by interconnections of infrastructures. The research mainly employs a qualitative approach. Institutions in Yangon involved in critical infrastructures were asked about their arrangements and for an evaluation of their preparedness and awareness. 2022
2173 Khun Maung Cho AN ASSESSMENT ON LAND USE AND LAND COVER CHANGES IN KYAING TONG TOWNSHIP, MYANMAR Land use and land cover (LULC) classification using Satellite Imagery is a noteworthy approach to monitor changes in Kyaing Tong Township. Using remote sensing techniques (RS) and Geographic information Systems (GIS), LULC is classified into six categories: agriculture land, bare land, built-up area, dense forest, sparse forest and water-body. The principal aim of this paper is to identify the spatial distribution of LULC classes within time-span and assess the changes patterns of its class. To retrieve attribute data, maximum likelihood classification algorithm is used. Ground truth and remote sensing data were interpreted by Kappa coefficient, the resulted values show over 85 percent which is found near perfect satisfactory agreement. Likewise, to know clearly the changes, volume of change method is analysed, it points out that the trend of change is going to both increased and decreased. The positive changes or the gain area were sparse forest 5.21 percent agriculture land with 4.72 percent and build-up area with 1.81 percent whereas, the negative changes or the loss area were dense forest with 10.10 percent, bare-land with 0.89 percent and water-body with 0.75 percent. As the technical skill advance day by day, the digital aera of LULC can be acquired from the remote sense technology. Therefore, the application of GIS/RS methods are the best estimation of spatial and temporal changes in land use and land cover study. 2022
2174 Ohnmar Myat Htoo GEOGRAPHICAL STUDY ON MANGROVE ENVIRONMENT IN TAUNGGOKE TOWNSHIP, RAKHINE STATE Mangrove refers to a particular group of tree species which thrive on the tidal estuarine delta and along the muddy riverine area and are resistant to salinity. This paper presents the geographical analysis on the mangrove environment, particularly on the distribution of mangrove species along the coastal area of Taunggoke Township. Although the mangrove forests can be found together in classified zone as same mangrove species group, in Taunggoke Township, the same mangrove species are not found in groups in specific places, but all the species are mixed up elsewhere. However, some species are more dominant among others in some places. For instance, Rhizophora species, particularly byu-chehtaukama (Rhizophora mucronata) are more common along the Kayaing River bank facing the Bay of Bengal. Many mangrove species thrive within the Taunggoke mangrove area, but 30 species are more common including 17 true mangrove species and 13 associated mangrove species. As population has been increasing during the study period, human pressure can cause mangrove degradation. GIS and Remote Sensing techniques are used for land cover changes mangrove degradation caused by agriculture and shrimp ponds in the mangrove area of Taunggoke Township in 1990, 2000, 2010 and 2020. 2022
2175 Hnin Khaing Aye ARTISANAL OIL MINING IN MINHLA TOWNSHIP: LIVELIHOODS, CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES Major focus is on the study of livelihoods, challenges and opportunities of artisanal oil mining in Minhla Township, Magway Region. Artisanal or subsistence mining is generally defined as mining that relies on physical work force and simple tools, such as ordinary hand tools or ‘light’ machinery. Therefore, the objectives of research are to investigate the socioeconomic characteristics of artisanal oil miners, to assess the soil, water and air qualities at artisanal oil mining site and to study occupational safety and health at mining area. This research relies on both qualitative and quantitative research methods, semi-structured interviews and field surveys. Respondents were chosen among a random selection of artisanal miners, stakeholders and local people. In addition, field surveys conducted for sample data collection as well as air quality, water quality and soil contamination at Htan Kaing artisan oil mining area. These samples were experiment at the field and laboratory of University Research Center (URC) Lab, University of Magway. According to the results of structure interviews, reasons for becoming artisanal oil miners as their livelihoods being mostly economic, they earned on average over 300,000 kyats per month. Compared to Myanmar’s average monthly income of approximately 169,000 kyats (Labour Force Survey 2017). The miners earned more than 30% what they earned before becoming artisanal miners. This is a major opportunity for artisan oil miners. Occupational safety and health are major challenges of artisanal oil miners. The result of lab experiment and field survey, on air quality of artisanal oil mine site, shows during the operating time, high impact on air pollution but low impact on break time and after operating time and nearby oil mining site. This paper clearly describes that water and soil from the study area has iron (Fe) content is greater than acceptable level of WHO standard. Many oil miners do not use any safety equipment, that is highly vulnerable to occupational safety and health. 2022
2176 Khin Mar Lwin HISTORY OF ALLAKAPPA VILLAGE DURING KONBAUNG PERIOD In Myanmar history, it was known that the people of Pyu had settled in the centre region of Myanmar. They also built the cities such as Vishnu, Sriksetra and Hanlin. According to the historical evidences, at that time the people of Pyu had also settled in Allakappa region. When the people of Myanmar reached the country of Myanmar, the people of Pyu were disappeared from their cities and that were also destroyed. But Allakappa region was not destroyed and it continued to thrive under the people of Myanmar. During the reign of Myanmar kings, Allakappa was more flourished in social, economy and civilization. In the later Konbaung period Allakappa was a town and it had reached its peak. In the British administrative period Allakappa was degraded as a village. 2022
2177 Aung Myo Tun BISHOP PAUL AMBROSE BIGANDET (1856-1885) Bishop Paul Ambrose Bigandet was one of the most of the missionary priests on whom King Mindon relied. The primary aim of this research paper is to reveal Bishop Bigandet’s contributions in field of education and social affairs. As a result, the western education which he concreted contributes towards the Myanmar society from that time onward to present. In addition, this paper is generally aimed at the evaluation of the Myanmar political process during the reign of King Mindon’s period in which he played an active role. This research paper was written on the basic of Myanmar Chronicles like Konbaungset Mahayazawintawgyi (Great Chronicle of Konbaung Dynasty) and other historical sources and contemporary documents and books and papers on Christianity especially National Church History of Myanmar, published by Church Bishops’ Conference of Myanmar. In addition, surveying and questionnaire methods were used in writing this paper. This paper highlights Bishop Bigandet’s contributions towards the Myanmar society. 2022
2178 Zin Zin Htet Aung STUDY OF YOUTH PARTICIPATION IN COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES This research focuses on the relationship between youth development training of the Myanmar Medical Association in Yangon and community development of the 126th ward, East Dagaon Township from an anthropological point of view. The aim is to explore how the youth collaboration from Youth Development Programme affects the community through the processes of development activities of youth engagement and contribution. The specific objectives of this research are: to describe the activities of the youth development programme, to illustrate how it benefits the development of community member and to elicit community responses to the youth development programme. The ethnographic, qualitative field research was conducted by means of Group Interview (GI), Key Informant Interviews (KII) and Direct Observation (DO). This paper found that the youth development programme improved the youths and the educational, health, and socio- cultural conditions of the people in the study area. 2022
2179 Khin Linn Aung PROTECTING CHILD DOMESTIC WORKERS IN MYANMAR* This paper is an attempt to develop legal measures that protect violence against child domestic workers, fixed working hours and rate wages and bans debt bondage and slavery. Child refers to all persons below the age of 18. Domestic worker means housemaid who employs to perform domestic work such as cleaning, cooking, washing and ironing, taking care of children, the elderly, sick people or people with disabilities, etc., in or for third-party household except for own family. Being poverty, parents make their child as a domestic worker. Most of them are girls, and they have to face physical, sexual, and psychological violence and exploitation. This research examined whether national laws effectively protect child domestic workers from violence or not. It considered how the problems faced by child domestic workers to solve. By analyzing the provisions of international and national laws, this paper found that Myanmar’s domestic laws can’t fully cover on child domestic workers from violence. Moreover, there is no specific legal provision for protecting them like working children in factories and shops. It suggests that the legislator should enact a particular law on child domestic workers or add the most suitable rules and regulations for the child domestic workers in Child Rights Rule. 2022
2180 Hnin Hnin Saw Hla Maung RECOGNITION OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT UNDER INTERNATIONAL LAW Recognition in respect of states arises when a new State is born and seeks to establish relations with the existing States and when it applies for membership of international organizations. Recognition has important legal consequences. The recognized State acquires certain rights, privileges and immunities under international law as well as municipal law. Recognition may be two kinds: de facto and de jure. In both, recognition is an act to give rise to legal rights and obligations. The problem is that recognition frequently been withheld by the State for political reasons. In order that an entity merits recognition as a state, it includes effective control over a clearly defined territory and population; an organised governmental administration of that territory and a capacity to act effectively to conduct foreign relations and to fulfill international obligations. Recent practice includes human rights and other matters. 2022